Question : (TCO 2) What research method was used in Philip Zimbardo’s study, the “Stanford County Prison”? Captive participant observation Ethnographic field observation An experiment Participant observation The hellgrammite method Question 10. Question : (TCO 2) A criticism of the symbolic-interaction approach is that it says little about how individuals actually experience society. wanted to colorize Casablanca. ignores the influence of factors such as culture, class, gender, and race. focuses too much on class. paints a very positive picture of society. Page 2 Question 1. Question : (TCO 4) On the first day of basic training in the army, Pvt. N. Terprize has his civilian clothes replaced with army “greens,” has his hair shaved off, loses his privacy, and finds that he must use a communal bathroom and other people decide when he eats, sleeps, and what job he does. Erving Goffman would say that all these humiliating activities are part of _____. a humiliation ceremony impression management the total institution face-work a deprivation ceremony Question 2. Question : (TCO 4) Other than perceiving the competing realities in a joke, what is sometimes involved in “getting” and enjoying a joke? The joke must be universally funny. The joke must be simple. The audience must inferentially complete the joke in their minds. The joke teller must explain the joke and provide more and more information until it is understood. The listener must be able to tell a joke well in order to get a joke. Question 3. Question : (TCO 4) Which is the order of the stages of human development in Jean Piaget’s model? Sensorimotor, preoperational, operational, and post operational Preoperational, post operational, concrete operational, and formal operational Sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational, and post operational Formal operation, concrete operational, preoperational, and sensorimotor Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational Question 4. Question : (TCO 4) Erving Goffman makes so many explicit parallels to the theater that his view has been termed _____. Shakespearean Theatrical Stage Directions Method Sociology the Dramaturgical Approach Question 5. Question : (TCO 4) Shrimp merchant Sheldon Devane is the son of immigrants, and lives with his aunt and uncle while enrolled at a four-year university where he is studying to be a graphic artist. Which of the following is his achieved status? Graphic artist Male Son University student Nephew Question 6. Question : (TCO 3) Taxi cab driver Peacup Andropov maintains that human behavior results from learning and has no gentic component. His position is the fundamental opposite of _____. sociobiologists G. H. Mead interactionists social paychologists structural functionalists Question 7. Question : (TCO 3) Mashie Nibblet is a pro at a country club and loves to play golf, but hates to teach it to the country club members. Mashie is experiencing _____. role conflict role strain role ambiguity role exit a handicap that, if not ironed out, would leave him feeling below par with a chip on his shoulder resulting in a stroke Question 8. Question : (TCO 3) Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance are _____. folkways mores stateways nationways s’mores Question 9. Question : (TCO 3) Standards by which members of a culture assess desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad guidelines for social living are referred to as _________, and ___________ are rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members. values; norms norms; values values; symbols language; norms values; language Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) All of the following are theories of cultural, EXCEPT _____. Structural-Functional Social Conflict. Anthropomorphic Sociobiology Feminist Week 4 Question 1. Question : Given North American tradition, what type of leadership would she be expected to show? Task group leadership Secondary group leadership Expressive leadership Instrumental leadership Autocratic leadership Question 2. Question : (TCO 4) Which statement reflects Georg Simmel’s understanding of the dyad? She was one of the greatest marathon swimmers of all time and is a fine sports commentator. There usually is less intense interaction in a dyad. Dyads have the least potential for meaningful social bonds. One member can act as a mediator if relations become strained. Dyads are less stable than groups with many members. Question 3. Question : (TCO 4) Ross T. Farrian’s itinerary for the day is to first, go to school; second, visit a maximum-security prison with his criminology class; and third, to serve dinner at the community soup kitchen. Ross is visiting, in order, a _____, _____, and _____ organization. normative, coercive, utilitarian coercive, normative, utilitarian utilitarian, coercive, normative utilitarian, normative, coercive normative, utilitarian, coercive Question 4. Question : (TCO 4) _____ feel they are trapped in the wrong body. Hermaphrodites Homosexuals Transvestites Transsexuals Transylvanians Question 5. Question : (TCO 4) Which statement is true concerning intersexual people? They are sexually attracted to both sexes. They are attracted to neither sex. They have both female and male characteristics. They have no gender. They are in the middle of gender reassignment surgery. Question 6. Question : (TCO 6) Pat Rearc argues that without norms controlling sexual behavior and thus giving the forces of sexual passion free reign, family life and the raising of children would be threatened. To which paradigm would Pat be aligned? Structural Functional Theory Symbolic Interaction Theory Social Conflict Theory Queer Theory Exchange Theory Question 7. Question : (TCO 6) Emile Durkheim proposed several functions of deviance. Which of the following is NOT one of them? Deviance affirms cultural values and norms. Deviance provides employment for a large segment of the work force. Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries. Deviance encourages social change. Deviance promotes social unity. Question 8. Question : (TCO 6) Travis Hirschi’s approach to deviance and control proposes that Hirschi is a deviant spelling of Hershey. deviance results from differential access to wealth. deviance is a frustration of ambition. individualism inhibits the deviance. everyone finds at least some deviance tempting. Question 9. Question : (TCO 6) There are four basic reasons to punish: moral vengeance, reforming the offender, discourage criminality, and render the offender incapable of further offenses. The terms for these are in order: retribution, social protection, rehabilitation and deterrence. deterrence, retribution, social protection, and rehabilitation. social protection, deterrence, retribution, and rehabilitation retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and social protection. deterrence, social protection, retribution, and rehabilitation. Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) In France during the Middle Ages, the third estate, second estate, and first estate refer respectively to nobility, high clergy, and commoner. high clergy, nobility, and commoner. commoner, high clergy, and nobility. commoner, nobility, and high clergy. high clergy, commoner, and nobility Page 2 Question 1. Question : (TCO 3 (TCO 3) Kuznet’s curve suggests that it could be an effective pitch for the veteran who is starting to lose a little something on his fast ball. industrial societies will, in the longer run, remain unchanged. industrial societies tend to become less stratified than agrarian societies. as human technological sophistication has increased, social stratification has decreased. industrialization and social stratification are unrelated. Question 2. Question : (TCO 3) _____ is the term for earnings from work or investments and _____ is the term for the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts. Income; personal property Profit; income Wealth; income Income; wealth Rent; net worth Question 3. Question : (TCO 3) Which theory of poverty blames poverty on the shortcomings of the poor themselves? Individual responsibility theory Personal chioce theory Social forces theory Culture of poverty theory Legacy or poverty theory Question 4. Question : (TCO 5) Which of the following did Max Weber suggest were analytically distinct components of stratification? Conformity, deviance, and social control Power, prestige, and position Class, caste, and age Class, prestige, and esteem Class, status, and power Question 5. Question : (TCO 4) Accounts Payable Administrator Imelda Czechs works for a small international corporation. This category of work can be described as _____ blue-collar work. white-collar work. pink-collar work. fur collar work. no-collar work. Question 6. Question : (TCO 4) Which type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying them too little to cover their debts? Chattel slavery Child slavery Debt bondage Debit slavery Revolving credit slavery Question 7. Question : (TCO 4) Which of the following gives the correct order of stages of modernization according to W. W. Rostow? High mass consumption, traditional, drive to technological maturity, and take-off Traditional, drive to technological maturity, take-off, and high mass consumption High mass consumption, traditional, take-off, and drive to technological maturity Traditional, take-off, drive to technological maturity, and high mass consumption Take-off, drive to traditional maturity, technological, and consume mass quantities Question 8. Question : (TCO 4) Andre Gunder Frank states that poor nations are responsible for their own poverty. were “underdeveloped,” or made poor, by rich nations. suffer from traditional culture. need to gain more productive technology. can be helped with the investment of multinational corporations. Question 9. Question : (TCO 4) According to Immanuel Wallerstein’s view of the global economic system, which type of nation is relatively independent of outside control? Core Periphery Semiperiphery Marginality Tertiary Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) While modernization theory focuses on _____, dependency theory focuses on _____. poor nations; rich nations distribution of wealth; production of wealth production of wealth; distribution of wealth culture; economics multinationals; self-reliance Week 6 Question 1. Question : (TCO 8) Back in 1900, it was common in the United States to consider people of these ancestries as “nonwhite.” Irish, Italian, or Jewish French, German, or Swiss Dutch, French, or Swede Austrian, Norse, or Prussian Question 2. Question : (TCO 8) Ethnicity refers to ______. a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences socially constructed categories based on cultural traits a society defines as important a group whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant group a collective that has reached very moral decisions about a way of life all people from the same country Question 3. Question : (TCO 6) The unequal treatment of various categories of people is known as stereotyping. ethnocentrism. discrimination. segregation. active prejudice. Question 4. Question : (TCO 5) The claim that defining members of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one application of social distance research. the iron law of oligarchy. the Thomas theorem. authoritarian personality theory. exploitation theory. Question 5. Question : (TCO 8) The barrier that is invisible, but which prevents women from rising beyond middle-management positions, is referred to as the “glass ceiling.” the “closed top.” transparent discrimination. the “ceiling of upper management.” the “impermeable barrier.” Question 6. Question : (TCO 8) _____ refers to social organization in which males dominate females. Patriarchy Matriarchy Monarchy Oligarchy Fratriarchy Question 7. Question : (TCO 8) Talcott Parsons explained that males tend to exhibit _____ behavior, while females are more _____. instrumental; expressive expressive; instrumental egalitarian; hierarchical rational; emotional emotional; rational Question 8. Question : (TCO 8) Which type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself? Liberal feminism Socialist feminism Radical feminism Moderate feminism Libertarian feminism Question 9. Question : (TCO 7) Comparing school performance, researchers have found that the most important cause of the achievement gap between rich and poor children is differences in schools. differences in home environments. differences in personal ability. differences in personal health. differences in family composition. Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) _____ and _____ theories explain that families perpetuate social inequality in U.S. society through inheritance of private property, encouraging patriarchy, and passing on racial and ethnic inequality. Feminist; functionalist Social-exchange; feminist Social-exchange; interactionist Global; internationalist Feminist; social conflict Page 2 Question 1. Question : (TCO 3) When Mort Tality assisted in the death of his wife Fay, who was suffering from an incurable disease, he engaged in Euthanasia. Youthinasia. Homicide. Misdemeanour. Kevorkianism. Question 2. Question : (TCO 7) The term empty nest refers to families whose children have grown and left home. women who choose to remain single. women who marry, but choose to remain childless. egalitarian family structures. couples who are unable to have a child. Question 3. Question : (TCO 7) A religious organization that stands apart from the larger society is a _____, while a _____ is a religious organization that is largely outside a society’s cultural traditions. church; sect sect; cult cult; church denomination; cult cult; sect Question 4. Question : (TCO 7) According to Max Weber’s analysis of Protestantism and the rise of capitalism, which of the following statements is TRUE? Protestantism held back the development of capitalism for years. Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and averted a socialist revolution. Protestantism even with its argument with the dominant Roman Catholic Church, still supported the economic status quo. Protestantism stressed duty and hard work, boosting economic production and fostering the rise of capitalism. Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and a socialist revolution. Question 5. Question : (TCO 3) Charter schools are private schools that typically enroll high-income students. public schools that have the freedom to try new programs and policies. private schools that have a religious curriculum. public schools that are run by private companies. public schools established through a land grant charter. Question 6. Question : (TCO 3) Following the social-conflict approach, patterns of health and illness are seen largely as a product of technology. how people define the situation they experience. how culture defines health and illness. a mobile society social inequality. Question 7. Question : (TCO 5) Which term do we use to refer to a political and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs?? Modernization Socialism Welfare capitalism Capitalism Communism Question 8. Question : (TCO 5) In a capitalist economic system, justice amounts to doing what is best for society’s poorest members. everyone being more or less economically equal. freedom of the marketplace allowing people to follow their self-interest. no one going hungry. little more than lip service. Question 9. Question : (TCO 5) The Marxist political-economy model suggests that power is no longer concentrated in the hands of a few. an anti-democratic bias exists in the capitalist system. power is widely dispersed throughout society. many people do not vote because they are satisfied with the political system.. that the only justice in the halls of justice is in the halls. Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) Which of Weber’s types of authority is also know as bureaucratic authority? Egalitarian authority Charismatic authority Traditional authority Rational-legal authority Representative authority
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